（1）Washington and the Cherry Tree
When George was about six years old, he was made the wealthy master of a hatchet of which, like
most little boys, he was extremely fond. He went about chopping everything that came his way.
One day, as he wandered about the garden amusing himself by hacking his mother's pea sticks, he
found a beautiful, young English cherry tree, of which his father was most proud. He tried the
edge of his hatchet on the trunk of the tree and barked it so that it died.
Some time after this, his father discovered what had happened to his favorite tree. He came into
the house in great anger, and demanded to know who the mischievous person was who had cut
away the bark. Nobody could tell him anything about it.
Just then George, with his little hatchet, came into the room.
garden? I would not have taken five guineas for it!''
This was a hard question to answer, and for a moment George was staggered by it, but quickly
recovering himself he cried:
The anger died out of his father's face, and taking the boy tenderly in his arms, he said:
though they were blossomed with silver and had leaves of the purest gold!''
(2) The Boy Who Cried Wolf The Wolf Is Coming 狼来了
A shepherd-boy, who watched a flock of sheep near a village, brought out the villagers three
or four times by crying out,
them for their pains.
The Wolf, however, did truly come at last. The Shepherd-boy, now really alarmed, shouted in
an agony of terror:
any heed to his cries, nor rendered any assistance. The Wolf, having no cause of fear, at his leisure
lacerated or destroyed the whole flock.
2、Persistence Confidence OptimismHope: Robert Bruce and the Spider
There was once a king of Scotland whose name was Robert Bruce. The king of Engl
and was at war with him and had led a great army into Scotland to conquer the land an
d the people.
Bruce fought the enemy most bravely. Six times he led his brave little army against
his enemy; and six times his men were defeated. At last he was forced to hide himself i
n the mountains.
One day, feeling tired and sick at heart, he lay on the ground under a farmhouse. H
e was ready to give up all hope for it seemed to him that it was no use fighting any lon
As he lay thinking, he saw a spider over his head, getting ready to weave her web.
He watched her as she worked slowly and with great care. Six times she tried to throw h
er thread from one beam to another, and six times she failed.
thing!said Bruce. too know what it is to fail.
But the spider did not lose hope. With still more care, she made ready to try for the
seventh time. Bruce almost forgot his own troubles as he watched her struggling with th
e thin thread. Would she fail again? No! The thread was carried safely to the beam.
too, will try a seventh time!cried Bruce.
Inspired by the spirit of the spider, Bruce called his men together and made careful p
lans Soon another battle was fought. This time the king of England was beaten and driven
out of Scotland.
另外，持之以恒、勤能补拙也能用“The Tortoise and the Hare”(《龟兔赛跑》)来
3. Modesty: Newton
Isaac Newton is often regarded as the most influential scientist in history and the founder of
modern physics. However, he is quite modest—“, it is by standing on the
shoulders of giants.
4. PhilanthropyLove: Mother Teresa Florence Nightingale
（1）Mother Teresa （1910－1997）特蕾莎修女
Mother Teresa devoted the majority of her life to helping the poorest of the poor in India, thus
gaining her the name of the devotion towards the poor won her respect
throughout the world and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. She founded an order of nuns called the
Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India dedicated to serving the poor. Almost 50 years later, the
Missionaries of Charity have grown from 12 sisters in India to over 3,000 in 517 missions
throughout 100 countries worldwide.
International Nurses Day is celebrated around the world every May 12, the anniversary of
Florence Nightingale's birth. Florence Nightingale, who came to be known as
Florence Nightingale Famous for her work in the military hospitals of the Crimea, Nightingale
established nursing as a respectable profession for women.
Florence Nightingale was born on 12 May 1820, and named after the city of her birth. Her wealthy
parents were in Florence as part of a tour of Europe. In 1837, Nightingale felt that God was calling
her to do some work but wasn't sure what that work should be. She began to develop an interest in
nursing, but her parents continued it to be a profession inappropriate to a woman of her class and
background, and would not allow her to train as a nurse. They expected her to make a good
marriage and live a conventional upper class woman's life.
Nightingale's parents eventually relented and in 1851, she went to Kaiserwerth in Germany for
three months nursing training. This enabled her to become superintendent of a hospital for
gentlewomen in Harley Street, in 1853. The following year, the Crimean War began and soon
reports in the newspapers were describing the desperate lack of proper medical facilities for
wounded British soldiers at the front. Sidney Herbert, the war minister, already knew Nightingale,
and asked her to oversee a team of nurses in the military hospitals in Turkey. In November 1854,
she arrived in Scutari in Turkey. With her nurses, she greatly improved the conditions and
substantially reduced the mortality rate
She returned to England in 1856. In 1860 she established the Nightingale Training School for
nurses at St Thomas' Hospital in London. Once the nurses were trained, they were sent to hospitals
all over Britain, where they introduced the ideas they had learnt, and established nursing training
on the Nightingale model. Nightingale's theories, published in 'Notes on Nursing' (1860), were
hugely influential and her concerns for sanitation, military health and hospital planning
established practices which are still in existence today. She died on 13 August 1910.
The Apollo 11 mission was the first human spaceflight to land on the Moon. As Neil
Armstrong declared on the surface of the moon, it is indeed “one small step for a man, a giant leap
for mankind”. For this small step, more than 300,000 people from around 20,000 enterprises, 200
universities and 80 research institute have worked hard for eleven years.
6. Patriotism: Chopin
The famous Polish composer Chopin insisted that his heart should be brought back to Poland
after his death, although he had been banished by the Polish government for years.