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西安城墙英文介绍

作者:高考题库网
来源:https://bjmy2z.cn/gaokao
2021-02-22 19:43
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2021年2月22日发(作者:don)


When Zhu Yuanzhang, the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), captured Huizhou,


a hermit named Zhu Sheng admonished him that he should 'built high walls, store abundant food


supplies and take time to be an Emperor,' so that he could fortify the city and unify the other


states.


After


the


establishment


of


the


Ming


dynasty,


Zhu


Yuanzhang


followed


his


advice


and


began


to enlarge the wall built initially during the old Tang dynasty (618 -907), creating the modern


Xian City Wall. It's the most complete city wall that has survived in China, as well being one


of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world.


After


the


extension,


the


wall


now


stands


12


meters


(40


feet)


tall,


12-14


meters


(40-46


feet)


wide


at


the


top


and


15-18


meters


(50-60


feet)


thick


at


the


bottom.


It


covers


13.7


kilometers


(8.5


miles)


in


length


with


a


deep


moat


surrounding


it.


Every


120


meters,


there


is


a


rampart


which


extends


out


from


the


main


wall.


All


together,


there


are


98


ramparts


on


the


wall,


which


were


built


to


defend


against


the


enemy


climbing


up


the


wall.


Each


rampart


has


a


sentry


building,


in


which


the


soldiers


could protect the entire wall without exposing themselves to the enemy. Besides, the distance


between every two ramparts is just within the range of an arrow shot from either side, so that


they could shoot the enemy, who wanted to attack the city, from the side. On the outer side of


the city wall, there are 5948 crenellations, namely battlements. The soldiers can outlook and


shoot at the enemy. On the inner side, parapets were built to protect the soldiers from falling


off.


Since the ancient weapons did not have the power to break through a wall and the only way


for


an


enemy


to


enter


the


city


was


by


attacking


the


gate


of


the


city


wall.


This


is


why


complicated


gate structures were built within the wall. In Xian, the city wall includes four gates and they


are respectively named as Changle (meaning eternal joy) in the east, Anding (harmony peace) in


the west, Yongning (eternal peace) in the south and Anyuan (forever harmony) in the north. The


south gate, Yongning, is the most beautifully decorated one. It is very near to the Bell Tower,


center of the city. Important greeting ceremonies organized by the Provincial Government are


usually held in the south gate square.


Each city gate has three gate towers: Zhenglou, Jianlou and Zhalou. The most outside is


Zhalou, which stands away from the City Wall and is opposite to Zhenglou. It was used to raise

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