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新概念英语第二册L80-83课件 史上最全!!

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2021-02-22 19:43
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2021年2月22日发(作者:混为一谈)


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Lesson 80


The Crystal Palace



New words and expressions


】生词和短语



10




宫殿






不平常的,非凡的



展览






各种各样的



机器



展览



蒸汽



利润




学院




profit n.


利润





n.


利润,赢利;得益



Stores haven



t made as much profit as usual this year.


The profits from the exhibition were used to build museums and colleges.




vi.


获益,得益;获利



I have profited much from your advice/this book/ living abroad.


【课文讲解】



1



Perhaps the most extraordinary building of the nineteenth century was the Crystal Palace, which


was built in Hyde Park for the Great Exhibition of 1851.


the Great Exhibition


世界博览会



2



The Crystal Palace was different from all other buildings in the world, for it was made of iron and


glass.


be different from




与……不同



be made of




用……制造(指原材料没有发生化学上的变化)



3



It was one of the biggest buildings of all time and a lot of people from many countries came to see


it.


of all time


空前的,有史以来(常与形容词的最高级连用,表示范围)



He is one of the greatest men of all time.



one of =


最高 级


+


复数名词”结构的语气比直接用形容词最高级


+


名词结构要缓和些,不那


么绝对。



Yesterday was the hottest day of the year.


Yesterday was one of the hottest days of the year.


4



There was also a great deal of machinery on display.


machinery n.


机器,机械装置(集合名词,与单数动词搭配)



某个具体的机器可用


machine


或者

< p>
a piece of machinery


来表示:



This is a wonderful piece of machinery/a wonderful machine.


on display = on show


展出,陈列



Shall we put all these flowers on display/show?


5



There were six million visitors in all, and the profits from the exhibition were used to build


museums and colleges.


in all


总共,合计



at the wedding there were over 100 people in all.


6



It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world until it was burnt down in 1936.


remain

在这里为系动词,表示“保持不变,仍然”


(后面可跟形容词、名词、动名词等)< /p>



Why did you remain silent/quiet at the dinner party?


They all remained standing while the manager talked.



Special Difficulties





on


的短语:



on display/show


展出,陈列



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This is the best dress on display/show.


这是展出的最好的衣服。



on business


因公(与


for pleasure


相对)



Last month he went to New York on business and had little time to visit friends.


on foot


步行(与


by bus



by car



by air


等相对)



I usually go to work by car, but this morning I went on foot.



on duty


值班,值班的



It was Sunday and there was only one doctor on duty.


on the whole


总的看来,总的来说,大体上



On the whole, he is a hard-working student.


on fire


起火,着火



Soon the whole building was on fire.


on purpose


故意地,有意地,特意地(与


by chance


相对)



They have come here on purpose to see you.


She broke the vase on purpose.


on the average


平均,通常



On the average, he works more than ten hours a day.


on any account


无论如何,不管怎么说(通常用否定句)



Do not interrupt him on any account.


You mustn



t on any account sign the contract before you read it.


on second thought(s)


经重新考虑后(


thought


用单数或复数均可)



I intended to go to the party, but on second thought(s), I decided to stay at home.


Lesson 81


Escape



New words and expressions


】生词和短语



14





囚犯





灌木丛






迅速地



制服



来福枪,


步枪





行进



大胆地



闪耀



行礼



上了年纪的



灰白的



猛烈的



打击




march v.


行进





v.


(部队)行军,行进





v.


(威 风凛凛


/


从容不迫地)走,迅速地走



Jane marched out of the room without saying a word.


【课文讲解】



1



When he had killed the guard, the prisoner of war quickly dragged him into the bushes.


the prisoner of war


战俘(缩写为


POW




2



Working rapidly in the darkness, he soon changed into the dead man's clothes.


change into


换(衣)



He changed into his new dress and went to the party.


3



Now, dressed in a blue uniform and with a rifle over his shoulder, the prisoner marched boldly up


and down in front of the camp.


up and down


来回,前后



He was worried about his mother and walked up and down in the room.


4



Lights were blazing and men were running here and there: they had just discovered that a prisoner


had escaped.


here and there


到处,四处



They went here and there looking for the lost child.


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5



The officers got out and the prisoner stood to attention and saluted as they passed.


stand at/to attention


立正



The students stood at/to attention while the headmaster made a speech.



Special Difficulties




Cloth



Clothes and Clothing


cloth



n.


布,布料(不可数名词)



There



s enough cloth for a skirt.


Do you think the cloth will wear well?


你认为这布料会耐穿吗?





n.


抹布,桌布(可数名词)



Wipe up the mess with a cloth.


clothes


n.


衣服,服装(后面动词用复数形式)



My clothes are mostly bought from abroad.


clothing


n.


服装的总称(不可数名词,包括衣服、鞋、帽等)



He still needs some winter clothing.


Salute and Greet


salute


v.


行军礼,


(向……)敬礼



The guard saluted as the officers passed.


The guard saluted the officers.


greet


v.


打招呼,欢迎,迎接



When we arrived, the whole family stood up to greet us.


He greeted Dan with a nod.


Clear and Clean


clear



adj.


清澈的,明亮的,晴朗的



He was rather elderly with clear blue eyes.


Seeing that it was a clear day, he drove to the countryside.




adj.


清楚的,明确的,明了的



I want to make it clear that I



m not paying the bill.




adj.


畅通的,无障碍的,无危险的



You can drive fast only when you are on a clear road.


clean




adj.


干净的



These cups are not very clean.




adj.


无污点的,无犯罪历史的



He has a clean record.


他一贯表现很好(没有前科)




Lesson 82


Monster or fish?



New words and expressions


】生词和短语



7




怪物



海员



见到



动物,生物



奇怪的,不寻常的



闪闪发光的



claim



vt. &vi.


(对……)提出要求,认领,索取



Has anyone claimed the child/wallet?




vt.


声称,断言



桨鱼



-


-


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