Napoleon agreed to plans for a tunnel(
) under the English Channel in 1802. The British
began digging one in 1880. Neither tunnel was completed. Europe has had to wait until the end of
the 20th century for the Channel Tunnel. After nearly two centuries of dreaming, the island of
Great Britain is connected to Continental Europe for the first time since the Ice Age, when the two
land masses moved apart.
On May 6, 1994, Britain's Queen Elizabeth and France's President Mitterrand carried out the
official opening. The Queen was accompanied(
) on her train journey through the historic
tunnel by one of her Rolls
Royce cars which was placed on the train. The following day saw
celebrations taking place in Folkestone and Calais. Regular public services did not start until the
latter part of 1994.
1. The island of Great Britain is _______.
A. connected to France all the time
B. separated from France with a tunnel
C. separated from France all the time
D. joined to France with the tunnel
2. Queen Elizabeth _______ at the opening.
A. took her car Rolls
Royce through the tunnel
B. took her car which was placed on her train through the tunnel
C. took her train through the tunnel
D. took Mitterrand's train through the tunnel
3. Before 1994, one could go to Britain from France _______.
A. only by ship
B. by ship or plane
C. by car or train
D. by ship, car or train
4. Which of the following is right?
A. Napoleon made plans for the tunnel.
B. The public could pass through the tunnel by train after May 6, 1994.
C. The tunnel was built for two centuries.
D. The tunnel will do great good to Britain and France.
After the American Revolution won in 1787, the new government in the U.S.A. had to
choose a capital city. The thirteen states quarreled about this. So the government decided to build a
completely new capital. The land on the River Potomac was given the name District of Columbia
(D.C). The new Capital was built on the north bank of the river. It was named after George
Washington, the president of the U.S.A.
Washington D. C., a government city, is an important cultural(
) center as well as a
Most capital cities have simply grown from small cities. Washington, however was
planned as the capital of a great nation. It was designed by a French artist who first made a study
of many capital cities of Europe. In general, his plan followed the plan of the beautiful French city
1. When the new capital was built America was made up of ____ states.
2. Washington D.C. is the name of _______.
A. an American president
B. America's capital
C. a famous river
D. a beautiful garden city
3. According to the passage we can conclude that America's capital_____.
A. lies in the center on the country B. lies on the River Potomac
C. was built by French workers
D. came from a small city
4. According to the passage we can infer that Washington D.C. is the center of America's
A. politics, culture and traveling
B. culture, traveling and sports
), sports and culture D. politics, culture and economy
Cost of American Wars
war namecost of the warcost as a percent of
63% US $$ 2.2 billion(in 2002
13% War of 1812 US$$ 1.1 billion
3% US$$1.6 billion Mexican War
104% US $$ 62 billion Civil War
3% US$$ 9.6 billion Spanish
24% World War I US$$ 190. 6 billion
103% US$$ 2.9 trillion World War II
15% US$$ 335.9 billion Korean War
12% US$$ 494.3 billion Vietnam War
First Gulf War
1. Which wars cost more than a year's worth of the GDP?
A. First Gulf War and World War I
B. The Civil War and World War II
C. World War II and Revolutionary War D. Mexican War and Civil War
2. The American annual gross domestic product in 1951 was _________.
A. 2.239 trillion
B.2.9 trillion C. 3, 25 trillion
D. 76.1 billion
3. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. Mexican War cost more than War of 1812.
B. First Gulf War cost the least in term of the percentage of the annual of GDP.
C. World War II cost more than Korean War.