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七年级下册英语期末总复习资料大全

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2021-02-22 19:57
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2021年2月22日发(作者:高兴)



七年级下册英语期末总复习资料大全



Unit1 Where



s your pen pal from?



1. --


你的笔友来自哪里


? -- Where is your pen pal from?




(




实义动



come,



is/are


”)



--


他来自加拿大。


-- He/She is from Canada.


同义句:


-- Where does your pen pal come from?





(




实义动 词


come,



do/does


”)



-- He/She comes from Canada.


来自:


be from = come from


练:


They’re _______ Australia, a beautiful country.



A. come from






B. comes from






C. from






D. for


2. --


你的笔友来自加拿大吗?


-- Is your pen pal from Canada?




(


用法


同上


)


--


是的。


-- Yes, he/she is.


同义句:


-- Does your pen pal come from Canada?




(


用法同上


)




-- Yes, he/she does.


3.


他来自澳大利亚:


He is from Australia.





他是澳大利亚人:


He is Australian.


4. --


你的笔友住在哪里?


-- Where does your pen pal live?



--


他住在多伦多。


-- He/She lives in Toronto.






居住在某地:


live in sp


练:


--


When


_____


the


girl


_____


her


homework?




--


In


the





1






37





evening.


A. does, does






B. does, do






C. is, do






D. is, does


-- _______ your sister have a pen pal?




Yes, she _______.


A.


Is,


is






B.


Does,


do






C.


Can,


can






D.


Does,


does


-- Ling Tao is a Chinese, but now he _______ in the UK.


A. live






B. is






C. is from






D. comes from


5. --


你的笔友说什么语言?


-- What language does your pen pal speak?


--


他说英语。


-- He/She speaks English.


说某种语言:


speak+


语言;







其他用法:


speak a little+


语言;


speak in+


语言;



用某种语言说某东西:


say sth in+


语言;




对某人说:


say to sb






告诉某人:


tell sb


练:


My new pen pal ________ me that he can ________ Chinese but


only a little.


I can’t ________ French, but I can ________ it in English.



6.


我喜欢和我的朋友一起去看电影:


I


like


going


to


the


movies


with


my friends.




句型:喜欢做某事:


like doing sth = like to do sth




去看电影:


go to the movies








看电影:


see a movie


7.


写信给某人:


write to sb = write a letter to sb





2






37





互相写信:


write to each other






互相写电子邮件:


write e-mails to each other


8.


一部动作电影:


an action movie


9.


告诉我关于你自己:


tell me about yourself


讲故事:


tell a story





讲故事给某人听:


tell a story to sb


10.


在周末:


on weekends






在平时:


on the weekdays


11.


相似单词比较:



(1)


信:


letter




一点:


little








(2)


法国:


France




法语:


French


12. (1) like



v.


喜欢;




如:


He likes reading.


(2) like



prep.


像;




如:


He looks like his mother.


13. (1) country



n.


国家;




如:


There are many countries in the world.


(2) country



n.


乡村;如:乡村音乐:


country music




He lives in


the country.


14. (1) from



perp.


来自;




如:


My pen pal is from Canada.


(2) from



prep.


从;




如:


Let’s read


from the beginning of this book.



Unit2 Where



s the post office?


1.


问路:


(1) Excuse me, how can I get to the post office?


(2) Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the post office?


2. --


这儿附近有一个邮局吗?


-- Is there a post office near here?





3






37





--


是的。


-- Yes, there is.




(


否定:


No, there isn’t.)




there b e


翻译为





,不能拆开翻译。



用法:


There is+


单数


/


不可数;


There are+


复数;





在附近:


near here = in the neighborhood


3.



邮局在哪里?


-- Where is the post office?


--


它在第五大街上。


--


It’s


on Fifth Avenue.





(


第五:


用序数词


fifth)

< p>



街上:介词用


on


4.


它在沿大桥街右侧:


It’s down Bridge Street on the right.



沿



街左侧:


down…s treet on the left



5.


散步通过花园:


Take a walk through the park.



(




穿过


park


的内< /p>



”)



6.


在宾馆旁边是一间有着漂亮花园的小房子:



Next to the hotel is a small house with a beautiful garden.




(


不能用


has)


7.


我爸爸很享受散步的乐趣:


My


father


enjoys


taking


a


walk


very


much.




句型:享受做某事的乐趣:


enjoy doing sth




散步:


take a walk





去散步:


go for a walk




走着去某地:


walk to sp = go to sp on foot


8.


这是花园之旅的开始:


This is the beginning of the garden.




开始,


开端:


beginning





如:


Let’s read from the


beginning of


this book.






的开端:


at the beginning of







4






37





9.


大桥街是一个很好玩的地方:


Bridge Street is a good place


to have


fun.


10.


让我告诉你去我家的路:


Let me tell you the way to my house.




去某地的路:


the way to sp.




在某人去某地的路上:


on one’s way to sp.



home, there, here


前的介词


“to”


要省略





做某事的好方法:


a good way to do sth


11.


比较:


(表示



位置



< br>在



前面:


in front of…





后面:


behind…



(表示



时间






之前:


befo re…








之后:


after…



比较:


(1) in front of…


(


外部


)


的前面;






如:


There is a big tree


in front of my house.


(2) in the front of…



(


内部


)


的前面;

< p>


如:


The teacher is in


the front of classroom.


12.


在左边


/


右边:


on the left/right.




左边


/


右边:


on the left/right


of…



13.


笔直走:


go straight




沿着



街(路)走:


go down


…Street/Road



(两者合并)


沿着




(路)


笔直走:


go straight down


…Street/Road



14.


向左转:


turn left




向右转:


turn right




掉头:


turn around


15.


玩得


(



)


高兴:


have a good time = have (great) fun


句型:很高兴做某事:


have (great) fun doing sth


16.


打的:


take a taxi








打的去某地:


take a taxi to sp = go to sp by


taxi


乘公交车:


take a bus




乘公交车去某地:


take a bus to sp = go to





5






37





sp by bus


17.


我希望你过一个愉快的旅途:


I hope you have a good trip.


对于别人的赞美与祝愿,回答用



Thanks,


Thank


you



来表示







18.


到达某地方:


(1) arrive in+


大地方;




arrive at+


小地方;



(2) arrive


单独使用;


如:


When he arrives, the class is


over.


(3) get to+


地方;


到家:


get home


到达那里:


get there


到达这里:


get here


19.


穿过:


(1)


从表面穿过:


across





穿过马路:


walk acorss the road


(2)


从内部穿过:


through




穿过公园:


walk


through


the


park


20.




上面:


(1) on




(




表面接触


”)



如:


There is a book on the


desk.


(2)


over



(




表面不接触


< br>,悬空


)



如:


There


is


a


bridge over the river.


21.


不定冠词


a/an

< p>
与定冠词


the


的选择使用


——




翻译





(1)

翻译为




…”

< br>,用


a/an




(2)


翻译为



…”




不需要翻译



,用


the

< p>



如:


(1) There is ______ old man next to ______ post office.


(2)



Do you know ______ London?



--


Of course. It’s in _____


United Kingdom.


22. (1) straight



adv.


笔直地;




如:


Go down straight and turn left.





6






37





(2) straight



adj.


直的;




如:


He has short straight black hair.


23. (1) turn



v.


转弯;




如:向后转:


Turn around.


(2)


turn



n.


轮到某人的一次机会;




如:


It’s


your


turn


to


tell


a


story.


24. (1) left



n.


左边;




如:


Turn left.


(2)


left



v.

< br>离开


leave


的过去式;




如:


He


left


home


early


yesterday.


25. (1) right



n.


右边;




如:


The post office is on your right.


(2) right



adj.


正确的;




如:


Which one is right?


26. (1) down



adv.


向下;




如:


Sit down, please.


(2) down



prep.


沿着;




如:


The post office is down Bridge Street


on the right.


27. (1) open



v.


打开;




如:



The shop opens


at seven o’clock am.



(2) open



adj.


开着的;营业中的;




如:


The shop is open for 24


hours a day.


28. (1) clean



v.


打扫;




如:


We clean the classroom every day.


(2) clean



adj.


干净的;




如:


Our classroom is very clean.


29. (1) if



如果;




如:


If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the


supermarket.


(2) if



是否;




如:


I don’t know


if he will come.


30. (1) visit



v.


参观,访问;



(2) visit



v.


看望,拜访;







7






37





Unit3 Why do you like koalas?


1.



让我们先去看考拉。


--


Let’s see the koalas


first.





(fi rst


翻译为




”)




你为什么最喜欢考拉?


-- Why do you like koalas best?





(best



译为




”)



--


因为它们很可爱。


-- Because they are very cute.


句型:让某人做某事:


let sb do sth


2.



你为什么不喜欢老虎?


-- Why


don’t


you like tigers?


--


因为它们有点吓人。


-- Because they are kind of scary.




在此处,表示




,只要在

< br>do


后加


not


即可。





有点

< p>



kind of+


形容词



= a little+


形容词



3.


你还喜欢别的什么动物?



What


other


animals


do


you


like?


(


后有


animals, other


不加


s)


你喜欢和别的年轻人工作吗?



Do


you


like


to


work


with


other


young people?


This isn’t my sweater. It’s __________ (you).



Are all these children __________ (you)?


4.


他是一个


8


岁的男孩:


He is an 8-year-old boy.




(


后有名词


boy,



连字符,


year


用原形< /p>


)



8


岁:


He is 8 years old.




(


后无名词


boy,


不用连字符,岁数大



1


,< /p>


year


变复数


)


5.


请保持安静:


Please


be


quiet.


=


Please


keep


quiet.



(keep


译为




< p>



= be)





8






37





6.


他每天通常睡和放松


20


个小时:


He


usually


sleeps


and


relaxes


20


hours every day.


每天:


every


day



(


要分开


)




连在一起的


everyday


翻译为



日常




,是个形容词。



7.


和某人玩:


play with sb




(


倒翻


)


8.


在白天:


during the day = in the day



在此处,


during = in


9.


在晚上:


at night = in the evening





在上学的晚上


/


白天:


on school


nights/days


10.


吃草:


eat grass




吃叶子:


eat leaves (leaf


的复数形式


)



吃肉:


eat meat


11.


相似单词比较:


(1)


草:


grass



(


不可数,无复数


)




(2)


玻璃:


glass



复数:


glasses


眼镜



12.


汉语:因为



,所以





英语:


because…,


so…


(


不能同时出现


在一个句子中


)


汉语:虽然



,但 是





英语:


though…, but… (


只能使用其中


一个


)


如:


_______ Tom is tired, _______ he wants to have a food rest.


A. Because, so





B. Though, but





C. /, so





D. /, but


13. (1) first



num.


第一;




如:


Sunday is the first day of a week.


(2) first



adv.


首先;首先:


at first



如:


Let’s see the koalas


first.


14. (1) best



adv.


最;




如:


Why do you like koalas best?


(2) best



adj.


最好的;




如:


Who do you think is the best teacher in


your class?





9






37





15. (1) very



adv.


非常(放在形容词前);




如:


The koalas are very


cute.


(2) very much



非常


(放在动词后)





如:


Thank you very much.



16. (1) kind(s) of



n.


种类;




如:


There are many kinds of anmals in the


zoo.


What


kind


of


noodles


would


you


like?


(2) kind of = a little



adv.


有点;(无形式变化)




如:


He is kind


of lazy.


(3) kind




adj.


和蔼的,友善的;




如:


It’s


kind of you to help me


with my English.


17.


树叶:


leaf




复数:


leaves




变化规则:去


f


ves;


18.


小偷:


thief



复数:


thieves




变化规则:去


f


ves.



Unit4 I want to be an actor.


1.



你是干什么的?


-- What do you do?





--


我是一名医生。


--


I’m a


doctor.


询问< /p>



职业



的另两 种问法:




What’s


your job?



What are you?


2.



你在哪里工作?


--


Where


do


you


work?




--


我在医院工作。


--


I


work in a hospital.


3.



你长大时想成为什么?


-- What do you want to


be when you


grow





10






37





up?


--


我想成为一名演员。


-- I want to be an actor because


it’s


interesting.


be


动词:可译为







成为



,这里是



成为

< p>


的意思。



练:


-- What do you want to _______, Susan?




-- A reporter.




(082


七下期末考


)


A. be





B. do





C. have





D. make


4.


人们把他们的钱给我或者从我这里拿走他们的钱:



People give me their money or get their money from me.


词组:把某东西给某人:


give sb sth = give sth to sb


词组:从某人处得到某东西:


get sth from sb


5.


我们有一份当服务员的工作给你:




We


have


a


job


for


you


as


a


waiter.


6.


你想为杂志社写故事吗?




Do


you


want


to


write


stories


for


a


magazine?


7.


你想参加学校戏剧吗?




Do you want to be in the school play?


此处的


be in


意思是



参加



,等于

< p>
join




8.


我们是一所专为


5



12


的儿童开设的国际学校:



We are an international school for children of 5-12.


9.


我们想要一个体育老师教足球:


we


want


a


P.E.


teacher


to


teach


soccer.


句型:想要某人做某事:


want sb to do sth


10.


我们从星期一到星期五上学:


We


go


to


school


from


Monday


to


Friday.





11






37





11.


工作很迟:


work late





努力工作:


work hard





努力学习:


study


hard


12.


穿制服:


wear a uniform





穿校服:


wear a school uniform


13.


打某人的电话:


call sb at+telephone number


14.


与 某人讲话


(


单方面


)

< br>:


talk to sb


与某人讲话

< br>(


互相


)


talk with sb





Who are you talking with?


谈论某事:


talk about sth










What are you talking about?


15. “


有定冠词





没有定冠词


< p>
的区别:



(1)


去上学:


go to school





去学校:


go to the school


(2)


住院:


in hospital









在医院里:


in the hospital


16.


句型:擅长于做某事:


be good at doing sth


17.


关于做题时< /p>



名词









代词



< p>






(1)


翻译句子,看有





与无


“< /p>




时句子意思是否通顺。



(2)


如果需要加


“< /p>




,则作出相应变化。



(3)


如何加



’s








不以< /p>


s


结尾的加



’s










s


结尾的


只加







练:


(1) My __________ (grandmother) home is on Market Street.


(2) They are the __________ (twin) bedrooms.


(3) I think they are __________ (


他们


) friends.


(4) we are eating dinner at my __________ (grandparent) home.


(5) Please write and tell me about __________ (



) school.


(6) This office is for __________ (


我们


) English teacheer.


18.


(1)


when



adv.


什么时候;




如:


When


does


Linda


get


up


every





12






37





day?


(2) when



adv.




时;




如:


What do you want to be


when you


grow up?


19.


(1)


or



或者;




如:


People


give


their


money


to


me


or


get


their


money from me.


(2) or




还是;




如:


Which one do you like, this one or that one?


20. (1) call



v.



(


电话


)





If you have an idea, please call me.


(2) call



v.


叫;




如:


You can call me Tom.


(3)


call



v.


(


大声


)


叫喊;




如:


The


boy


calls


,


“Where


is


the


basketball?”



21. (1) play



v.


玩,打;




如:


She likes to play with her friends.


(2)


play



n.


戏剧;




如:


Do


you


want


to


be


in


the


school


play?





(be in = join


参加


)


22.


音乐:


music




音乐家:


musician


23.


故事:


story




复数:


stories





变化规则:去

y



ies;


24.


不规则可数名词变复数:



(1)


男警察:


policeman




复数:


policemen


(2)


女警察:


policewoman




复数:


policewomen


(3)


孩子:


child




复数:


children


25.


单词辨析:


(1)


新闻,


消息:


news



(


不可数


)




(2)


纸:


paper




(



可数


)


(3)


报纸:


newspaper




(


可数, 复数为


newspapers)


Unit5 I



m watching TV





13






37





1.


现在进行时的结构:主语


+be+Ving.




(be


动 词和动词


+ing


两者缺


一不可


)


考题形式:


(1)

已知


be


动词,考后面的动词形式(要加

< br>ing


);



(2)


已知后面的动词


+ing,


则前面用


be


动词。



如:


(1) The boy is _________ (run) with his father.


(2) Some children are __________ (lie) on the grass.


(3) My brother and I are __________ (play) soccer.


(4) His sister is __________ (read) a book.


2. --


你正在做什么?


-- What are you doing?




--


我正在看电视。


--


I’m


watching TV.


3.


那听起来很棒:


That sounds great/good.


4.


谢谢你的信和照片:


Thanks for your letter and the photos.




谢谢某东西:


Thanks for sth




句型:谢谢做某事:


Thanks for doing sth


5.


这是我的一些照片:


Here are


some of my photos.




(“


一些照片





复数




be



a re)


这是我的一张全家福照片:


Here is


a photo of my family.


< p>
(“


一张


照片





单数


< p>


be



is)


6.


句型:忙于做某事:


be busy doing sth


如:


His brother is busy _________ (write) stories in his room.


7.


表示



活动





动 词词组






做家庭作业:


do one’s homework









打扫房间:


clean the


room





14






37







吃晚饭:


eat dinner







打电话:


talk on the phone = make a


telephone call




看书


/< /p>


看报


/


看杂志:


read books, read newspapers, read magazines



(


学生


)


上课:


have an English class




(


老师< /p>


)


上课:


give an English


class




举行晚会:


have an evening party









和某人说再见:


say


goodbye to sb


8.


在购物中心:


at the mall






在游泳池:


at the (swimming) pool


在学校:


at school











在体育馆里:


in the gym


9.


在第一张照片中:


in


the


first


photo




在第二张照片中:


in


the


second photo


在下一张照片中:


in


the


next


photo




在最后一张照片中:


in


the


last photo



10.


等汽车:


wait for the bus






在汽车站等


(


某人


)



wait (for sb) at


the bus stop


11.


我的兄弟和我:


my brother and I





(


要把





放在后面


)


12. (

身体


)


好,健康:


well = fine



如:


-- How is your mother?




-- She


is _______.


13.


活动:


activity





复数:


activities




(


以辅音字母


+y


结尾的,去


y



ies)


玩具:


toy





复数:


toys




(


以元音字母


+y


结尾的,直接加


s)


14. (1)


也:


also




用于



肯定 句的句中





(2)


也:


too





用于< /p>



肯定句的句末,前加逗号


< p>






15






37





(3)


也:


either



用于



否定 句的句末,前加逗号





15. (1) show



n.


节目;


如:


TV show, sports show, game show, talk show


(2) show



v.




看;


如:


Can you show me your family phot


o?



I’ll


show you the way.


(3) show



v.


表演;如:


Can you show us Beijing Opear?



Unit6 It



s raining!


1.



今天北京的天气怎么样?


--


How


’s


the


weather


in


Beijing


today?




(



lik e



How)


--

< br>是





--


It’s


sunny.




(







windy ,


cloudy,


sunny=fine=nice)


同义句:


-- What


’s the weather


like today?




(



lik e



What)


--


It’s


sunny.




(


其他天气:


warm,


hot,


cool,


cold,


dry,


humid)


练:


We don’t know _______ the weather will be tomorrow.



A. how





B. what





C. how’s





D. what’s



2. --


你最近过得怎么样?


--


How’s it going


with you?


--


相当好:


Pretty good.




很棒:


Great.




还不错:


Not bad.




很糟


糕:


Terrible.


3. (1)


在夏天天是多雨的。


I t


’s


rainy in summer.




(it


后 有


be


动词


is,


后面用形容词


rainy)


(2)


在夏天天经常下雨。


It often rains in summer.




(it


后无


be


动词


is,


后面用动词


rains)





16






37





(3)


现在正在下雨:


It


’s



raining


now.




(is


和动词


ing


构成

< p>


现在进


行时


”)



相同用法的词还有


snowy, snows.


练:


(1)


What


do


you


do


when


it


______?



A.


rain



B.


rainy



C.


raining



D. is rainy


(2) It’s __________ (rain) heavily in Harbin now.



(3) The radio says it will be __________ (rain) tomorrow.


(4)




How’s the weather on Sunday?




-- ________.


A.


It’s


rain






B.


It’s


raining






C.


It’s


rains






D.


It


rainy


4.

< p>
谢谢你参加中央电视台



环游世界



节目。



Thank you for joining


CCTV’s Around The World


show.


句型:感谢你做某事:


Thank you for doing sth


5.


有许多人正躺在沙滩上:


There are many people lying on the beach.




句型:有某人正在做某事:


There be sb doing sth




躺在沙滩上:


lie on the beach




(lie



ing


的规则:将


ie


变成


y,


再加


ing)


6.


一些正在拍照,另外的正躺在沙滩上。



Some are taking photos, others are lying on the beach.


(1)


一些



,另一些



(复 数):


some…, others…



(2)


一个



,另一个



(单数):


one…, the other…



7.


他们看起来很酷:


They


look


cool.







他看起来很酷:


He


looks


cool.





17






37





8.


电话用语:


(1)


你是谁?




Who’s that?




不能用:


Who are you?


(2)


你是某某吗?




Is that…?




不能用:


Are you…?



(3)


是某某在说话吗?




Is


that



speaking?





回答


用:


Yes, it is. / No, it























isn’t.



(4)


我是某某:




This is….




不能用:


I’m ….



(5)


是某某在说话:


This is … speaking.



9.


句型:做完某事:


finish doing sth





完成某事:


finish sth


如:


He finishes reading a book about science.


He finishes his homework at home every day.


10.


句型:为了做某事:


in order to do sth




跟在


to


后面的动词用原


形。



11.



look

< br>有关的词组:



(1)


看着某 人


/


某东西:


look at sb/sth










(2)


寻找某人

< br>/


某东


西:


look for sb/sth


(3)


照顾某人


/< /p>


某东西:


look


after


sb/sth







(4)


看起来像某人


/


某东西:


look like












sb/sth


(5)


小心:


look out


(6) < /p>




外面看:


l ook out of






如:朝窗外看:


look out of the


windows


12.





有关的形容词


+ed




如:


relaxed,


surprised,


interested,


excited






有关的形容词


+ing




如:


relaxing,


surprising,


interesting,


exciting





18






37



-


-


-


-


-


-


-


-



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