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建筑 给排水 外文翻译 英文文献 多层住宅建筑给排水设计的几个问题

作者:高考题库网
来源:https://bjmy2z.cn/gaokao
2021-02-22 20:02
tags:

-

2021年2月22日发(作者:emergency)


译文来源:美国


PE


杂志建筑给排水工程师


2010


年第


10





The


multilevel


residential


housing


is


given


and


drains


off


water several questions designed



Summary : This text give and drain off water on multilevel residential housing design


supply


water


the


exertion


of


the


tubular


product


,


Way


of


laying


of


pipeline,


water


gauge produce family set up, establishment and air conditioner condensation water of


pot-type


boiler


discharge


issue


goes


on


the


discussion


,


And


put


forward


some


concrete views.



Keyword:


Skyscraper,


supply


water


the


tubular


product


,


the


pipeline


is


laid,


The


water gauge, the solar water heater






The skyscraper is simple with its auxiliary facility, the fabrication cost is low, the


characteristic such as being convenient of estate management, Receive the welcomes


of the real estate developer and vast resident of small and medium-sized cities very


much.


How


project


planning


and


design


of


inhabited


region,


scientific


and


technological


industry


of


comfortable


house,


lead


the


request


according


to


2000,


Improve the design level of the house, build out a comfortable living space for each


household,


It


is


each


designers


duty.


As


the


heart


of


the


house


--The


kitchen,


bathroom, is


that the function is


complicated, hygiene, safe and comfortable degree


are


expected


much,


It


is


miscellaneous


to


build,


the


space


expecting


much


in


technology. So, the designer must consider synthetically with the idea and method of


global design that the kitchen, bathroom give installation of the drainage pipeline and


equipment,etc. . Give and drain off water on skyscraper design supply water exertion,


to lay pipeline of tubular product, water gauge produce family set up, establishment


and empty of pot-type boiler now Transfer condensation water discharge issue discuss


together with colleagues.







( 1)supply water tubular product select problem for use Traditional watersupply


tubular product adopt zinc- plated steel tube generally, because zinc-plated steel tube


exchange


the


corrosion,


Use


short-lived


,


use


for


and


send


domestic


water


can


satisfied with water quality sanitary standard shortcoming, Ministry of Construction is


popularizing


the


application


of


the


feed


pipe


of


plastics


energetically


.


A


lot


of


districts and cities have already expressed regulations: Forbid designing and using the


zinc- plated steel tube , use widely the feed pipe of plastics. The plastics supply water


In charge of compared with metal pipeline, light, it is fine to able to bear the intensity


of


keeping,


Send


obstruction


little


liquid


,


able


to


bear


chemistry


better


to


corrode


performance, it is convenient to install, The steel energy-conservation of the province,


merit


of


having


long


performance


life


etc..


Supply


water


and


use


plastics


pipeline:


Hard polyvinyl chloride( PVC-U), high density polyethylene( HDPE), pay and unite


polyethylene(


PEX)


,


modify


the


polypropylene(


PP-R,


PP-C),


gather


butene(


PB),


aluminium


mould


and


compound


and


in


charge


of


and


the


steel


is


moulded


and


compound


and


is


managed


etc..


Choice


of


tubular


product


economic


comparative


course of technology, technology should from pressure, temperature, environment for


use, install method,etc. go on and consider, Combine owners at the same time request


and the house of grade,carry on and fix after being consider synthetically technology


not


economic.


The


above


plastics


supply


water


tubular


product


can


supply


water


tubular product as house life. The economic and functional house conciliating Strand


room in the face of the masses of with low- and medium-level incomes resident, can


select


for


use


hygiene


grades


of


hard


polyvinyl


chloride


in


charge


of


as


feed


pipe


mainly,


In


order


to


reduce


the


fabrication


cost;


Medium-to-high


grade


commodity


apartment


available


aluminium


Mould


and


compound


and


in


charge


of


or


other


plastics


supply


water


the


tubular


product


as


the


feed


pipe.


House


mix


hot


water


temperature


that


water


order


exceed


600


C,


so


above-mentioned


tubular


product


in


charge


of


except


hard


polyvinyl


chloride


and


aluminium


plastics


compound


and


in


charge of( PE-AL-PE), Mostly the tubular product can be regarded as the hot water


pipeline of the house.





( 2) pipeline lay problem 1. give and drain off water it set up there arent one that


in charge of



1)Will install it in the corner place of the kitchen, bathroom tomorrow. Adopting


this kind of way of laying more in the design of house in the past, it is convenient for


it to construct, But will reveal the pipeline and hinder the room beautifully tomorrow


Watch,


the


households


will


mostly


be


hidden


with


the


light


quality


material


in


the


equipment two times.



2)Will


install


it


in


the


overcast


angle


place


of


the


outer


wall


of


the


building


tomorrow.


Way


this


suitable


for


southern


weather


warm


district


only,


the


minimum


temperature in winter cant be lower than zero degrees Centigrade, In case water pipe


water-logging freeze ice is bloated to split pipeline, influence household use. Pipeline


lay in outer wall, influence building to be beautiful, too inconvenient on manage and


maintain in the future.



3)Lay it in the pipeline well. This way makes the room clean and beautiful , but


the


pipeline


well


has


taken


up


the


area


of


the


bathroom,


And


pipeline


construct,


maintain


relatively


more


difficult.


Bathroom


set


up


concentrate


pipeline


well,


concentrate


pipeline


on


assign


in


the


well


feed


pipe,


drain


pipe,


This


is


that


the


civilized importance lives in the kitchen of comfortable house, bathroom Embodiment.


I think : Should consider the establishment of the pipeline well of the bathroom in the


medium-to-high grade building conceptual design of commodity apartment, Improve


quality


of


using


of


bathroom


promptly


so


,


can


solve


hard


polyvinyl


chloride


drain


pipe rivers noise heavy problem, Improve the environmental quality level of the room;


Whether


for


bathroom


in


the


areas


for


little


economic


and


functional


house


and


Overcome


difficulties


room,


warm


area


give


and


drain


off


water


and


set


up


and


in


charge of and can consider and lay in the outer wall in the South, In order to increase


using


the


space


of


the


bathroom;


Pipeline


install


and


in


the


room,


should


influence


kitchen, bathroom every sanitary equipment use of function tomorrow




2. supply water and prop up there arent


tube House supply


water prop up and in


charge


of


pipe


diameter


one



32mm,


de


of


battle,,


little


plastics


feed


pipe


of


pipe


diameter is the crooked state, So the house supplies water and is propped up and in



1


charge of being recommended and adopted and set up secretly. Supply water to prop


up to manage darkly There are thes way had:



1)Set up in the brick wall secretly. Wall turn on and in charge of trough in brick


when constructing, in charge of trough width tube +20 mm, de of external diameter,,


degree


of


depth


tube


external


diameter


de,


The


pipeline


is


imbedded


and


managed


directly Trough, and with in charge of card fix in trough of inning charge of son.


2)Whether pipe diameter supply water and prop up and last


de ≤ 20mm,can set


up


at


floor


secretly


piece


make


level


by


layer.


Turn


on


and


in


charge


of


trough


in


floor( ground) the board when constructing, it wides trough have to


be de +10 mm


deeply 1/2 of the de, Half pipeline imbed and in charge of trough, and with in charge


of card fix in trough of inning charge of tube. Aluminium mould compound and in


charge


of


and


pay


and


unite


polypropylene


in


charge


of


pipeline


adopt


metal


pipe


fittings connection, Must strengthen and in charge of trough size when adopting and


set up secretly, and rivers some flood peak loss relatively heavy. Assign the relative


house that concentrated to the kitchen, bathroom interior hygiene utensil, Can adopt


and divide Water device go on and join , divide water device whether one more than


branch in charge of and connect, every hygiene utensil supply water and prop up and


in


charge


of


and


connects


and


publishes


from


the


water


dividing


device


separately.


Can already prevent the tube burying the pipeline secretly from being connected like


this Permeate the question. Can reduce some flood peak lost, decrease the fabrication


cost of pipe networks





3)Drain off water and prop up the tube to lay House room drain off water and in


charge


of


and


should


set


up


at


the


time


of


inning


this


each,


drain


off


water


and


in


charge of permeating sideways like this canning prevent the sewage from waiting for


the pollutant to enter the neighbor family sideways, Will not influence the neighbor


either


when


the


pipeline


is


maintained


Normal


life


of


one.


Kitchen


wash


water


drainage of basin propped up and in charge of generallying inserts draining off water


to stand to manage this layer of floor sideways; Floor drain drain off water propped


up and in charge of laying the room of lower floor.


A lot of


colleagues


think now:


Whether kitchen the ground it lay ceramic tile of,whose name is clean in when need


develop


with


water,not


strong


in


meaning


to


set


up


floor


drain,


So


kitchen


set


up


ground floor drain, avoid and drain off water and prop up and in charge of and enter


neighbor


family


sideways


already


so,


Can


increase


using


the


space


of


the


kitchen .


Bathroom drain off water and prop up and in charge of and lay concrete measure have


in this layer sideways inside:



1)Improve the bathroom ground . Ground tendency high 150mm, adopt back row


type take stool pot, washing basin, bath tub, water drainage of floor drain in charge of


and bury in cushion layer secretly sideways.



2)Adopt the sinking type bathroom. Bathroom sink 350mm the floor, hygiene


utensil drain off water and in charge of and bury on sinking space secretly sideways







Two


method


these


can


realize


water


drainage


of


bathroom


prop


up


and


in


charge of earths surface to bury underground this one without entering the neighbor


family sideways.


Bury pipeline when installing,


construction quality must


check on


strictly, can construct bathroom ground after confirming qualified secretly, So as not



2


to leave the hidden danger in giving in the future using. Bathroom ground construct


and


can


pack


coal


ash


light


quality


material


,


also


can


adopt


and


lay


bricks


impracticable to lay plate making construct ground, Ground must make waterproof to


deal with, method can waterproof to deal with according to roofing, make two oil one


rubber and plastic ointment waterproof cloth.








3) water gauge the open air set up problem The water gauge is had indoors, not


only the work load of checking meter is very heavy , but also make the security and


privacy of the house reduce greatly . So house divide into households of water gauge


or divide households of figure of water gauge Show that should be set up in the open


air.


Skyscraper


water


gauge


the


open


air


set


up


following


several


kinds


of


forms:


Whether far it pass by water gauge Change the ordinary water gauge into and


pass the water gauge far, is joined the water gauge and data gathering machine by a


signal


line,


And


then


reach


intelligence


to


manage(


the


computer).


Its


merit


lies


in


saving a large amount of people Strength comes to check meter, the data are accurate,


the shortcoming is that the fabrication cost is high. Whether magnetic stripe


card of by water gauge Users buy the electronic card of the running water Company


in advance , then insert


it in the storing device of the water gauge, Card amount of


money deduct automatically on the water, this way user need to prepay the water rate,


The price of the water gauge is relatively high.





3. adopt it set up at the open air water gauge not ordinary



1)The water gauge is set up in the stair have a rest in the alcove of the platform.


Household watersupply to prop up and manage and enter the kitchen, bathroom after


the


water


gauge


is


measured.


Way


this


realize


water


gauge


produce


room


set


up,


equivalence low project have , supply water and set up and in charge of and set up


with water gauge office results in aesthetic problems in stair. It suitable for the South


warm district kitchen, bathroom assign close to the houses of positions of staircase.



2)The water gauge concentrates on being set up among the water gauges( meter


box).


Person


who


give


when


supplying


water,


set


up


water


gauge


in


ground


floor( meter box) on falling, every household watersupply to prop up and is in charge


of


applying


having


in


the


pipeline


well,


Southern


area


can


overcast


horn


place


lay


along the outer wall in building too; Person who give when supplying water, can set


up water gauge in roof( meter box) under upgoing. This way increases and supplies


water to prop up In charge of and lay length, pipeline lay and influence building to be


beautiful along outer wall. Water gauge produce way choice that family assign, must


combine house kitchen, bathroom plane assign characteristic and concrete request of


developer, Carry on to several feasibility scheme the above economic technology fix


after comparing. Property well-managed medium-to-high grade commodity apartment


of housing district, can adopt and pass the water gauge far , It is that the water gauge


will use the developing direction in the future; Estate management perfect medium-


to-high


grade


commodity


apartment


of


housing


district,


can


adopt


magnetic


stripe


card water gauge( Company have this kind district of business can design in running


water) Or concentrate on setting up it among the water gauges( case); Southern area


unit type house can set up rest platform office in stair with ordinary water gauge, In


order to reduce the fabrication cost.




3




4)


establishment


question


of


the


pot-type


boiler


Should


reserve


and


install


hot


water supply terms of facility, set up hot water supply facilities with when the design


of


house.


Have


and


concentrate


house


that


hot


water


supply


on


,


should


consider


house assign with installation position and cold hot water pipeline of hot water device.


The pot-type boiler generally has three kinds, such as gas, electricity, solar energy,etc..


Whether


last


kitchen


gas


heater


and


electric


heater


or


Bathroom


inside,


give


when


draining


off


water


design


shoulding


reserve


installation


position


and


cold


hot


water


interface of pipeline of water heater in advance in building, Install by oneself when


convenient users fit up. Solar energy and hot water It is simple and convenient and


safe for device to use, need fuel and electric power is low to run the expenses, Have


long performance life, pollution-free, received by the masses of users favourably very


much, Many houses have been small in recent


years The district all install the solar


water heater at the time of designing and construct. Solar water heater install and at


the roof, need to set up the cold hot water pipeline among bathroom and water heater


of the roofing like this generally, Consider installation of solar water heater when the


design of house, household can only lay cold and hot pipeline along the building outer


wall


when


installing


in


the


future,


Increase


household


degree


of


difficulty


when


installing


like


this


,


increase


pipeline


make


the


investment,


influence


building


beautiful. Give when draining off water the design needing to solicit the developers


suggestion


first


in


building,


Interconnected


system


one


design,


construct


the


solar


water


heater


in


unison;


Reserve


solar


water


heater


and


cold


hot


water


installation


position of pipeline in


advance only. The cold hot water pipeline of the solar water


heater can be laid In the pipeline well; Set up pipeline house of well , can set up one


UPVC


drain


pipe


of


de110


as


solar


water


heater


hot


water


sleeve


pipe


of


pipeline


close to corner of person who take a shower in bathroom, Set up a de110 *75 three


direct links in each hygiene interval ground, as connecting the entry of cold and hot


water pipe





(


5)


air


conditioner


condensation


ink


discharge


the


issue


In


recent


years,


air


conditioner enter huge numbers of families gradually, condensation water amorphous


to discharge the building outer wall of pollution air conditioner have, Have influenced


a


beautiful


important


problem


of


biotope


already.


Building


give


when


draining


off


water


design


shoulding


consider


air


conditioner


condensation


ink


discharge


in


a


organized


way.


Concrete


method


can


machine


set


up


the


water


drain


pipe


of


the


condensation by the position outside reserving air conditioner, Drain off water and set


up and in charge of and select PVC-U drain pipe de40 for use , reserve three direct


links


of


draining


off


water


highly


in


each


air


conditioner,


It


is


convenient


for


air


conditioner to drain off water hose insert directly.


译文来源:美国


PE


杂志建筑给排水工程师


2010

< p>
年第


10





4

-


-


-


-


-


-


-


-



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